The 2014 civic election is just around the corner and many Aquarium supporters are still unsure which candidates to vote for. With the Park Board candidates tending to stick to their party lines, and with many candidates not having expressed personal views on the Vancouver Aquarium, perhaps it makes sense to look at the political parties and their positions instead (in no particular order):
|Party||Position on Cetaceans||Mayoral Candidate or Party Leader|
|Vision||Party leader and current mayor Gregor Robertson stated that he would prefer a Vancouver Aquarium without cetaceans. He wants the cetacean program phased out1).||Gregor Robertson|
|NPA||Party leader Kirk LaPointe noted that he would overturn the previous Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation decision to ban breeding of whales, porpoises and dolphins in Stanley Park. LaPointe supports cetacean conservation and research at the Vancouver Aquarium2).||Kirk LaPointe|
|COPE||COPE favours a referendum on cetaceans in human care. If the results indicated that the electorate was opposed to cetaceans in human care, they would like to see a phase-out.||Meena Wong|
|Green||Green Party Councillor Adriane Carr noted that she would like to see cetaceans phased out and would call for a referendum. Carr brought forth a motion before City Council in April 2014 calling for a referendum at that time, which was turned down3).||Adriane Carr (defacto)|
|Vancouver 1st||Vancouver 1st commits to and believes in the complete autonomy and independence of the Vancouver Aquarium and the society that runs it.|
Vancouver 1st believes that the experts that have run the aquarium for the many decades have done an excellent job and that city hall should not interfere in the daily operations of the Aquarium and the thousands of animals that they care for and rescue.
|Cedar Party||No policy statement – no candidates running for Park Board||Glen Chernen|
|Hotel Workers United||No policy statement – candidate is running for city councillor||Ferdinad Ramos|
|Independent Democratic Electors Alliance||No policy statement – candidate is running for city councillor||Jamie Lee Hamilton|
|One City Vancouver||No policy statement – candidate running for city councillor||AJ Aquino|
|Public Education Project||No policy statement – candidates running for Board of School Trustees||Jane Bouey|
|Stop Party||No policy statement||Meynard Aubichon|
|Independent||No stated position on cetaceans at the Vancouver Aquarium.||Bob Kasting|
|Independent||No stated position on cetaceans at the Vancouver Aquarium.||Colin Shandler|
|Independent||Running for Park Board – in favour of a referendum on cetaceans in human care||Jenny de Castris|
|Independent||Running for Park Board – in favour of phasing out cetaceans in human care||James (Jim) Buckshon|
|Independent||Running for Park Board – does not want an aquarium in Stanley Park||Eleanor Hadley|
The idea of a non-binding plebiscite
It is important to point out that the idea of a referendum as introduced by some parties and individuals4) would be a very costly undertaking for both the City of Vancouver as well as the Vancouver Aquarium, which as a non-profit would have to divert funds away from research, education, rescue and rehabilitation in order to cover an information campaign which would enable voters to make an informed decision.
Finding a question to meet the requirement of being specific enough but not overly complex alone would be a very difficult task. The issues being discussed cannot be easily summed up and all parties involved would have to spend a significant amount of time on educating the public on those issues and the implications of a vote for one position or the other.
The term ‘plebiscite’ or ‘referendum’ is also slightly misleading, as the Vancouver Charter only knows a non-binding question5) that would not have any direct effects, and the result could easily be ignored by the Council, or a decision overturned by a later Council.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||Mayor Gregor Robertson: "My personal view is that the Vancouver Aquarium should begin to phase out the holding of whales and dolphins in captivity. I’m hopeful that the aquarium and the park board can work collaboratively and come to an agreement on how to achieve this [...]", CBC News, April 10, 2014|
|2.||↑||Kirk LaPointe expressed his support in an interview with CBC's Matthew Lazin-Ryder ahead of the Park Board making its decision and in a post on his campaign blog.|
|3.||↑||Councillor Carr's motion was rejected by City Council in April 2014.|
|4.||↑||Adriane Carr introduced the idea of a referendum to the City Council, which was ultimately rejected|
|5.||↑||“The Council, for its own information, may submit for the opinion of the electors any question with which the Council has or desires to have the power to deal.”, Vancouver Charter, section 184|